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Changes between Version 2 and Version 3 of DeviceDrivers


Ignore:
Timestamp:
2011-10-12T06:42:24Z (8 years ago)
Author:
Jiri Svoboda
Comment:

What is a driver

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  • DeviceDrivers

    v2 v3  
    11= Writing Device Drivers for HelenOS =
    22
     3== What is a device driver? ==
     4The hardware an OS runs on can be modelled as a hierarchy of (peripheral) interconnects (buses) to which devices are attached. Each bus provides connectivity to devices or other buses. This hiearchy can be often represented as a tree (or directed acyclic graph), where inner (nexus) nodes correspond to buses and leaf nodes correspond to devices.
     5
     6Needless to say this is just a model, meaning nothing is given a priori, the model can look differently depending on our choice. It is often not clear what is a device and what is not, where are the boundaries of a particular device, etc. Consequently, there is also no clear line between what still is a device driver and what is not.
     7
     8Usually devices (or their drivers) have one or more of the following traits. When a system is coming up, it attempts to transitively discover all buses and devices connected to it. For each bus or device it selects the appropriate driver. The driver takes (complete) control of the bus or device and makes its services available to the system (to other drivers in case of a bus, to applications in case of a device). The driver abstracts away the details of a particular device model and provides an interface common to a class of devices (e.g. Ethernet adapter). The system often also virtualizes the device, providing concurrent access to multiple clients, but this can be done at a higher level, rather than in the driver itself.
     9
    310== Overview of Drivers in HelenOS ==
     11
    412
    513== DDF (Device Driver Framework) ==